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Imagine wanting to become a developer or engineer but you don’t know where to start. You look it up, but there are millions of articles to go through. You start learning all of them, even going back to studying the Algorithm for the Analytical Engine just to understand the fundamentals. Slowly, you get frustrated with how big the industry is and start to think that maybe you are not gonna cut it. There are a lot of articles and blogs online that offer you a variety of languages and frameworks to study but do not lead you to anything at all. Look no further, we’ve sorted out a list of programming languages and frameworks from mobile development to web development, frontend and backend development, to iOS and android development, that you need to know that will help you land a job in the competitive industry.

Python Django

Backend-frontend, package secured.

It is never a shock to see that Python still leads in popularity over the years. It is quick, easy, and created for general-purpose programming which makes it more convenient for learning if you are just starting out. The language is used in various areas such as web development, data science, and machine learning. Today, Python is perceived to do almost all of the tasks other programming languages can do, only much easier.

Built under Python is Django, one of the high-level frameworks that make it easier and more manageable. It nourished famous applications to their current state today, such as Instagram, Mozilla, and even Spotify. Call it the jack of all trades if you may, it offers you a wide range of efficient solutions for every common problem.

Given that it is also full-stack, the framework supports both frontend and backend development, which are basically the backbone to every tech company there is in the market. This capability allows it to handle high-traffic and can easily be enhanced to meet whatever needs of your growing web development. Adding to that, security is also one of its greatest features making you less vulnerable to common web attacks. Its built-in admin interface allows you to manage the data of your application without having to do the heavy work of building another administrative interface. Lastly, its MVT pattern allows you to separate the logic side of the application from the presentation. If you are looking forward to becoming a frontend or a backend developer in the future, it is essential that you know how to use Django. Having access to the limitless possibilities of Django will help you land the golden ticket to a job.

React + Next.JS Combination

Next.js is a framework that allows you to quickly develop server-rendered React applications using React, a JavaScript toolkit for designing user interfaces. They offer a formidable toolkit for developing web apps with a consistent structure and good performance. Next.js has features like automatic code splitting, server-side rendering, and a simple development environment that can enhance the performance and SEO of a React application. Furthermore, Next.js makes it simple to configure a development environment, handle routing, and optimize the build process, all of which can save significant time and effort while developing a React application.

Learning React and Next.js can open up many job opportunities in web development, as these technologies are used by many companies, from start-ups to large enterprises. Additionally, these technologies are constantly evolving, and new features are being added with time, so there will be many opportunities to continue learning and growing as a developer.

In summary, learning React and Next.js can be a good choice for a job in web development as they are widely used and in high demand, and they provide a powerful toolset for building high-performance, scalable web applications.

React Native

React Native is a framework for building mobile apps using React. It allows developers to use the same codebase for building apps for both iOS and Android platforms. Instead of targeting web browsers, React Native apps render using native components, providing a more native-like performance and look and feel. It means apps built with React Native have the same performance characteristics as those made using traditional, platform-specific languages like Swift or Java. React Native also provides tools and APIs for accessing native features like the camera, GPS, and more, making it a powerful choice for building cross-platform mobile apps.

Having experience with React Native can help you stand out in the job market as it demonstrates that you have the skills to develop performant, cross-platform mobile apps that can run on iOS and Android. Famous applications like Discord and AirBnb, even Elon Musk’s Tesla was developed with the help of React Native. Additionally, since React Native uses JavaScript, learning it can also open up opportunities for web development using ReactJS.

However, it’s important to note that React Native is just one of the many technologies used in mobile app development, and it’s also essential to be aware of other technologies so you can make the most informed decision.


Node.js is an open-source JavaScript runtime built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. It allows developers to run JavaScript code on the server side, enabling the creation of server-side and networking applications using JavaScript. Node.js provides an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, making it lightweight and efficient. Node.js is considered as a runtime framework, as it allows developers to run JavaScript code on a server, providing an environment for the code to execute, and it has a built-in package manager for easy management of packages and dependencies. Netflix, Paypal, and even NASA use Node.js

Given the high demand in the market of developers familiar with Node.js, it could be a great asset that would help you fuel your career. Node.js also has a growing community providing their thoughts and insights of the framework. Not only that, there is also a hefty stash of resources and packages to use which may be beneficial once you start working in the field.


Coding with apple

Swift, the programming language developed by Apple, is an excellent choice for individuals looking to pursue a career in mobile app development and work with Apple’s platforms. The language was created to work seamlessly with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and Linux operating system, and its similarities to Python and JavaScript make it user-friendly and conventional to use. With features such as a built-in playground for real-time code results and ease of debugging, Swift provides a seamless development experience.

Swift is widely used for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS application development, as well as for server-side development, scripting, and other domains. Notable applications built with Swift include Twitter, Airbnb, and LinkedIn.

If you are passionate about mobile app development and working with Apple, a career as an iOS developer utilizing Swift can be a great opportunity.

And No, this is not the language we use to worship our Goddess Taylor and her music.


Have you ever wondered how the android Wall-E in the movie was programmed? It was
Kotlin Man.

Kidding aside, The popularity of Kotlin as a programming language has grown over the years, with Google providing support and recognizing it as a first-class language for Android development. This increase in popularity is due to its ability to address the shortcomings of Java, the primary language used for Android development, while being easily integrated into Java-driven projects. Major companies such as Uber, Pinterest, and Basecamp have already adopted Kotlin for their systems.

Kotlin offers enhanced support for functional programming, allowing for efficient writing and maintenance of complex code. It is well-suited for building large-scale, data-intensive applications and has a more expressive syntax than Java, making it easier to read. The language also boasts improved type inference and null safety, which can help reduce the number of runtime errors in the code.

As Kotlin’s popularity and versatility continue to grow, it presents a valuable learning opportunity for those seeking a career in software development, particularly in Android development, where it is in high demand and widely adopted.


Why was the TypeScript developer sad? Because they didn’t know if they should use ‘let’ or ‘const’ to declare their emotions. For the record, that was an AI produced joke.

TypeScript was created to address the limitations of JavaScript in large-scale applications. It provides several features, such as static type checking, class-based object-oriented programming, and interfaces, which can help developers catch errors at compile time rather than at runtime. This can make the development process more efficient and reduce the number of bugs in the code. Aside from that, it is also an open-source, strongly typed object-oriented language. TypeScript is also well suited for building large-scale applications due to its improved code quality, better support for modern JavaScript features, and improved code organization.

Over the years, TypeScript is becoming increasingly popular among developers and companies, as it is widely used in web development and other environments like Node.js, React Native, and Angular. This means that developers with experience in TypeScript may have a massive advantage in the job market.


PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a server-side, open-source scripting language used primarily for web development. It is widely used to create dynamic web pages and is often used in conjunction with a database, such as MySQL, to create interactive websites. PHP is a popular choice for building dynamic websites, and it’s widely supported by web hosting companies and relatively easy to learn and get started with. Many popular content management systems, such as WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla, are built on PHP.

PHP has also established an army of loyalists that maintains their systems using the language. The market is stable for the PHP developers because small to medium sized ventures still depend on the language to support their needs. It is still widely used thus, giving you a stepping stone for the step you are going to take. However, there are still a lot of bigger and better languages available that are used for an even bigger market.


Welcome to the .NET empire or read as the dot Net. A software framework built by Microsoft, it offers an array of pre-built code and tools for building a wide variety of applications, including web, desktop, and mobile applications. You may have heard of Microsoft’s integrated development environment, Visual studio, or even Windows Forms, a graphical user interface (GUI) – it was built with the assistance of the .NET framework.

I can list down all of the frameworks and languages that are presently available in the market today but that would just bore you to death and confuse you even further. Always remember that there are specific frameworks and language for specific tasks and projects. Never limit yourself to what you already know and start venturing into different aspects of the tech world. However, this list will surely give you the necessary knowledge that will allow you to jump-start your journey and point you in the right direction. May it be in Frontend development or towards being an Ios developer, you already have the knowledge you need to explore the great beyond.

Author Charisse Leonar

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